Monday 1st June
Our new topic will be The Amazon Rainforest, which is in South America. To start us off, I would like you to read these top 10 facts about the Amazon Rainforest. Some of them are shocking and some are fascinating - don't forget to share your new knowledge with a friend or family member!
1. The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rainforest, covering over 5.5 million square kilometres. It’s so big that the UK would fit into it 17 times!
2. The Amazon is found in South America, in 9 countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
3. Running through the north of the rainforest is the Amazon River — a network of many hundreds of waterways that stretches 6,840km. The Amazon is the world’s second longest river after the River Nile.
4. In 2007, a man named Martin Strel swam the entire length of the Amazon river! To complete his splashing jungle journey, Martin powered through the water for up to ten hours a day for 66 days!
5. Around 400-500 native tribes call the Amazon rainforest home. It’s believed that about fifty of these tribes have never had any contact with the outside world!
6. The Amazon has an incredibly rich ecosystem – there are around 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 430 mammals and a whopping 2.5 million different insects. Wow!
7. The Amazon is home to a whole host of fascinating and deadly creatures, including electric eels, flesh eating piranhas, poison dart frogs, jaguars and some seriously venomous snakes.
8. One fascinating fish found in the Amazon is the Pirarucu (also known as the arapaima or paiche). A menacing meat-eater, the pirarucu guzzles up other fish and can grow to nearly 3m long! But what makes it deadly? It has teeth on the roof of its mouth and on its tongue!
9. This area of natural beauty plays an important role in reducing climate change. This is because the rich vegetation takes carbon dioxide out of the air and releases oxygen.
10. Due to the thickness of the canopy (the top branches and leaves of the trees), the Amazon floor is in permanent darkness. In fact, it’s so thick that when it rains, it takes around ten minutes for the water to reach the ground!
Now, you've finished reading them, look back at facts 1-5. Can you see that I have located the important information and highlighted it? Read facts 6-10 again and decide which words/phrases you would highlight.
Discuss with a parent/sibling what they think, if you can - some people might have a slightly different opinion to you.
For your writing activity today, I'd like you to research some of the animals that live in the rainforest. Use the website below to read about a range of rainforest animals. You can use other websites that you might find too.
In your workbooks, write the name of some of the animals. Draw a picture of the animals and then write some facts about these animals. This will help you later on with our new topic.
Today in maths you will be learning about decimals.
You will be looking at tenths as decimals.
Topic - Geography
As a start to our new topic, I would like you have a go at locating the Amazon Rainforest on a map. You already know it's in South America and covers lots of countries. Try using Google Maps if you don't have an atlas.
Now, take a look at this very simple map:
The country of Brazil is highlighted on the map in yellow and green. Here is a key for this map:
A key shows us what different things on the map mean.
This key has symbols for different features.
Can you work out what the different symbols might represent?