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Monday 6th July

Reading

Today's reading comprehension takes us to India!

Read the text below and have a go at answering the questions below in your workbooks.

 

India

Quick facts

Capital: New Delhi

Population (approx): 1,143,595,000

Area: 3,287,370 sq km

Language: Hindi, English, 14 other official languages

Religion: Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi

Currency: Indian rupee
 

India is the second most populated country in the world and is in South Asia. Hindi and English are the two official languages but 14 others are spoken worldwide. Many Indian people are Hindu in religion, but there are also many Sikhs, Christians, Muslims and Buddhists.

The River Ganges starts in the Himalayan mountains and is found in the centre of India. It is 2,510 km long and its course takes it through Bangladesh, to the Bay of Bengal and then into the sea. This river is considered sacred by the Hindus.

The Taj Mahal is a huge mausoleum and is a monument to Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of Shah Jahan. In 1631, Mumtaz passed away and her husband made orders for the Taj Mahal to be built in her memory. White marble and semi-precious stones cover the building.

Traditional Indian music has a wide range of harmonies and rhythms and is quite complicated to play. Musicians play a hand held drum called the tabla. Other popular instruments are the tambura and the sita - they are both stringed instruments.

The largest city in India is Mumbai (sometimes known as Bombay) and is home to India's largest film industry, Bollywood. It is the fourth most populous city in the world. 

  1. What is the capital of India?
  2. Which currency is used in India?
  3. What are the two official languages of India?
  4. Can you describe what a tabla is?
  5. Name two stringed instruments that are played in Indian music.
  6. What is the largest city in India?
  7. Which religion do most Indians follow?
  8. Can you find some similarities and differences between India and the UK?

Writing

This week, I would like to focus on the Year 3/4 Spelling List.

We need to make sure that we know how to read them, spell them and can use them in a sentence.

Each day, we will look at six words and I will show you how to use them in a sentence.

Then, I would like you to practise spelling them and write them in a sentence of your own.

Here are today's words:

Here they are in a sentence:

  1. I didn't mean to break the window - it was an accident.
  2. Lots of things were invented in the 19th century, including the telephone.
  3. This chef loves to experiment with different food combinations.
  4. Collecting shells is an interest of mine.
  5. I don't really like that particular type of fizzy drink.
  6. I knew that I wouldn't remember to take the cakes out of the oven on time!

Maths

This week, we are moving onto Shapes and their Properties

To start off, we are Identifying Angles.

Topic - Science

We have already learnt how we hear sounds. Vibrations of objects cause vibrations in the air (sound waves) that travel to our ear.

Look at this diagram of the ear. When the vibrations in the air enter the ear, they cause the eardrum to vibrate. The vibrations then pass to the small bones inside the ear. The vibrations cause the fluid inside the cochlea to make the small hairs move. The brain then receives messages, which are interpreted as sounds.

Some animals are particularly good at hearing - can you name any?

Look at the pictures of these animals' ears.

Think:

  • Why do you think animals prick up their ears?
  • Do animals move their ears in any other way? Explain why you think this is.

Many animals move their ears to collect sounds. Some have large ears and some have ears that are shaped to help collect the sounds.

Look at the pictures of these animals' ears.

Think:

  • What do you notice about their ears?
  • Explain why you think their ears are this shape.
  • Can you suggest any other uses of ears?

Back before hearing aids, ear trumpets were used to help those who couldn't hear very well. 

Your challenge today is to make your own ear trumpet - you can use paper or card.

Have a go at making some predictions at how it will work:

  • Will the shape of the trumpet affect the sound? Cone vs cylinder
  • Will the size of the trumpet make a difference to the volume of the sound?
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